Holodomor: World Reaction, Propaganda and the Media

Holodomor Denial, Propaganda, Role of the Media:

Gareth Jones, a Welsh reporter who wrote forthrightly about the Ukraine famine and other events of the day until his death under highly suspicious circumstances in Manchuria, not long after his reporting from the USSR.~ What Was Sown Shall be Reaped. by Lubomyr Luciuk.
Kingston, Ont:The Kashtan Press, 2008.

Forward to his edited collection: Holodomor; Reflections on the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Soviet Ukraine. Click HERE to download PDF file (scanned with author’s permission; includes links to appendices).

~ The American Press and the Ukrainian Famine by James E. Mace.
in Genocide Watch, ed. by Helen Fein. (New Haven: Yale University Press. 1992.) pp. 113-132.

~ The American Response to the Famine. in Investigation of the Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933: Report to Congress.Adopted by the Commission, April 19, 1988, Submitted to Congress, April 22, 1988. U.S. Commission on the Ukraine Famine. Washington: U.S. GPO. 1988. pp. 151-184.

~ Assignment in Utopia. by Eugene Lyons.
New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. 1937.

Personal reflections on this reporter’s stint in Moscow before and during the famine, and the intellectual climate in the US during that time.

~ “A Blanket of Silence: The Response of the Western Press Corps in Moscow to the Ukraine Famine in 1932-1933” by Sally J. Taylor.
in Famine-Genocide in Ukraine 1932-33: Western archives, testimonies and new research, ed. by Wsevolod W. Isajiw. Pp.72-92. Toronto: Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Centre, 2003. (online access courtesy of UCRDC, Canada.)

~ “Blind Eye to Murder: Britain, the United States and the Ukrainian Famine of 1933” by Marco Carynnyk.
in Ukraine, 1932-1933, edited by Roman Serbyn and Bohdan Krawchenko. Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1986. pp. 109-138.

~ “Breaking Eggs for a Holodomor; Walter Duranty, the New York Times, and the Denigration of Gareth Jones,” by Ray Gamache. Journalism History. Winter 2014, Vol. 39 # 4, pp.208-218.
Delineates “the circumstances and contexts within which the denigration of Welsh journalist Gareth Jones occurred … The article also analyzes the sources that chronicle the reactions by Western news media, journalists who were involved, and official responses by political leaders.”

~ France, Germany and Austria Facing the Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine. by Etienne Thevenin.
Paper presented at the James Mace Memorial Panel, IAUS Congress, Donetsk, Ukraine. June 29, 2005.

~ Gareth Jones; Eyewitnss to the Holodomor, by Ray Gamache. Cardiff: Welsh Acad. Press, 2013.

“First academic study of Gareth Jones, now recognized as one of the first journalists to reveal the horror of the Holodomor….Of interest to students of journalism, eastern-European history and political studies this book provides a fascinating insight about one of the most devastating events of the twentieth century and the social, economic and political factors that contributed to the famine.” A professor of journalism writes: “This excellent book serves as a warning to journalists not to be taken in by official sources and political ideology but to report what they actually learn through their own efforts.”

~ www.garethjones.org
and specifically http://www.garethjones.org/soviet_articles/soviet_articles.htm
A fascinating website dedicated to the writings and correspondence of Gareth Jones, a Welsh reporter who wrote forthrightly about the Ukraine famine and other events of the day until his death under highly suspicious circumstances in Manchuria, not long after his reporting from the USSR.

~ Koba the Dread: Laughter and the Twenty Million, by Martin Amis.
New York: Talk Miramax Books, 2002.
The famine is a topic along with Stalin’s other terrors. Of particular interest is Amis’ description of the continuing admiration for Stalin (“Koba”) among many fellow British intellectuals.

~ The Moscow Correspondents; Reporting on Russia from the Revolution to Glasnost. by Whitman Bassow.
New York: William Morrow. 1988.
Particularly, chapter 4: “Concealing Stalin’s Famine”provides a good description of propaganda and censorship under Stalin, while describing the lives of the major journalists reporting out of Moscow during the early 1930’s.

~ Not Worthy: Walter Duranty’s Pulitzer Prize and the New York Times, http://www.uccla.ca/Not_Worthy.pdf by Lubomyr Luciuk. Kingston: Kashtan Press, 2004.
Rich collection of historical background resources and news articles that supported a campaign to posthumously revoke the award because of Duranty’s deliberate failure to report on the Holodomor that was occurring while he was NYT’s chief USSR correspondent.

~ “Reporting Stalin’s Famine,” by Teresa Cherfas. Kritika: Explorations in Russian & Eurasian History. Fall 2013, Vol. 14 # 4, pp.775-804.
The article presents a case study of Welsh journalist Gareth Vaughan Jones’ coverage of the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33. Particular focus is given to factors that led to the the famine including the grain crisis of 1928, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s First Five Year Plan (1928-1932), and the collectivization of agriculture. English journalist Malcolm Muggeridge’s coverage of the famine is also discussed.

~ “Skeletons in the Closet in the Light of Perestroika,” by Stanislav Kulchitsky. The Day, Kyiv, December 4, 2001.
A Ukrainian historian describes the political maneuvering that surrounded the gradual revelation of the “secret” of the Ukrainian famine to the public in Ukraine and the Soviet Union at large.

~ Stalin’s Apologist; Walter Duranty, The New York Times’s Man in Moscow, by S.J. Taylor.
New York: Oxford University Press. 1990.
Considered the definitive biography, this thoroughly researched, fascinating study details Duranty’s life among the other Western journalists sequestered in Moscow during the 30’s, his successful cover-up of Stalin’s terrors, and his role in U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt’s decision to establish diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

~ “The Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33: The Role of the Ukrainian Diaspora in Research and Public Discussion,” by Frank E. Sysyn.
in Studies in Comparative Genocide, edited by Levron Chorbajian and George Shirinian. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999. pp. 182-215.

~ “Walter Duranty: A Liar for a Cause,” by Taras Hunczak.
in Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933: Genocide by Other Means, ed. by Taras Hunczak and Roman Serbyn. New York: Shevchenko Scientific Society, 2007. pp. 30-33.

These books may be difficult to locate but are valuable for research:

~ Angels in Stalin’s Paradise; Western Reporters in Soviet Russia, 1917 to 1937, A Case study of Louis Fischer and Walter Duranty, by James William Crowl.
Lanham, MD: University Press of America. 1982.
Close analysis, especially valuable for its research on Louis Fischer, the very influential pro-Soviet writer for The Nation during the 30’s.

~ The Foreign Office and the Famine: British Documents on Ukraine and the Great Famine of 1932-1933, by Marco Carynnyk, Lubomyr Y. Luciuk, and Bohdan S. Kordan.
Kingston, Ont: Limestone Press, 1988
Presents 85 documents that clearly demonstrate what the British Government knew and how they chose to respond regarding the Famine.

~ The Holy See and the Holodomor: Documents from the Vatican Secret Archives on the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Soviet Ukraine, by Lubomyr Y. Luciuk and Athanasius McVay.
Kingston, Ont: Kashtan Press, 2011.
An enlightening introductory essay accompanies the reproduction of numerous archival documents that portray the Vatican’s restrained response to the Famine.